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Neutrality in a Violent World
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Code: DJ 1.1 (4) Ferrera
Price: $9.50
1 - I understand that this article is for my personal use only. 2 - Reproduction or systematic distribution of all or any part of this article without permission is prohibited. The volume discount to make copies of the articles for educational and training purposes is 20% off each article. Please contact us at or at 202-965-4400 to order at the volume rate. 3 - Access to the article will remain in effect for 24 hours and allows no more than one download of the article. 4 - If I have an ID and password used in this purchase, I will not provide it to anyone else.
Stephanie J. Ferrera, MSW

Many theorists have postulated an innate drive to explain aggression. Some have considered it a destructive and dangerous drive. A natural systems view is more neutral. It seeks to understand aggression both as a natural phenomenon, an adaptation which evolved in many species due to its contribution to survival and reproductive success, and as a systems phenomenon, a behavior which evolves and is shaped and regulated in the context of relationship systems. Wilson views aggressive behavior as a spectrum of responses rather than a single drive, and delineates seven forms seen in animals and humans. De Waal observes that fighting in primates is usually followed by reconciling, and believes that the interplay of the two cements social bonds. Bowen’s theory of the emotional system and differentiation of self makes it possible to understand the full spectrum of aggressive behavior, from the well-regulated level to the violent level on a single continuum without invoking a unique or pathological drive to account for violence. The effort toward a scientific and neutral theory of aggression informs the effort to develop ethical principles for regulating this behavior.

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