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Volume 11, Number 1
DOWNLOAD INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES BY TITLE
FROM THE EDITOR
Robert J. Noone, PhD

ARTICLES
Tribalism: Biological Roots and Emotional Process
Stephanie J. Ferrera, MSW
Tribalism, defined as attachment and loyalty to one’s own group, is a fundamental feature of human group living, rooted in biology, shared with other species, yet evolved in ways that are uniquely human. Drawing from the literature in evolutionary biology and related fields, the author describes six factors in the evolution of tribal instincts and behavior.

Perspectives on Grief: Psychoanalytic, Evolutionary, and Family Systems
Anne S. McKnight, MSW, EdD

Modern views on grief have been profoundly affected by psychoanalytic thinking. Freud wrote in “Mourning and Melancholia” that “the work of mourning” consisted of an unremitting focus on feelings of loss of the loved one. This view that, unless adequate mourning was carried out, the individual was prone to suffer difficulties in life, was elaborated on by other psychoanalysts and contributed to a body of ideas that became the basis for the five stages of grief m proposed by Kubler-Ross. Animal researchers have observed grief reactions in animals, and evolutionary biologists have identified a natural resilience in the response to death in the human population. Murray Bowen introduced a theory (Bowen theory) that provides a wider lens on grief than focusing on the individual—to examine the impact of death on the family system. This paper examines these different perspectives toward grief with a focus on how Bowen’s ideas on the expression of grief as reflective of the emotional functioning of the family can be of use to professionals and individuals who are facing bereavement.

FROM THE ARCHIVES
A Letter from Murray Bowen to Dr. Alexander Gralnick
Murray Bowen, MD

Following a professional visit to High Point Hospital in Port Chester, New York, Dr. Murray Bowen received a letter from Dr. Alexander Gralnick who requested that Dr. Bowen comment on his work. Dr. Gralnick was the founder and chief psychiatrist of High Point Hospital. Dr. Bowen wrote a lengthy response about the family field and about the development of his clinical practice after he left the NIMH in 1959. He observed that families that were often identified as schizophrenic could change when the family was seen and treated as an emotional unit in psychotherapy. He provides a detailed case example of an eighteen-year-old daughter who was homicidal and had been in and out of institutions for six years.
FACULTY CASE CONFERENCE
The Complex Outcomes of Emotional Cutoff
Presenter: David S. Hargrove, PhD

The impact of emotional cutoff within a system of relationships reaches far beyond those which are obvious. Efforts to bridge cutoff evoke reactivity within the system and reveal entire branches of the system that are relatively unknown to many in a nuclear family. Further, the effort to bridge the cutoff can result in fresh connections within the system that have been dormant.
BRIEF REPORT
Toward a Systematic Exposure of Bowen Theory to Organization Development Professionals
Katherine Kott, PhD

The shift away from genetic determinism in the 1990s was followed by research exploring gene-environment interactions. The mechanism at play appears to begin with the organism’s perception of the environment capable of triggering patterns of genome-wide transcription factors. Evolutionary preserved responses to the environment turn on and off immune system genes capable of preparing the organism for conflict as well as increasing the risk for disease. The almost minute-to-minute response of the genome to its environment and the transmission of these patterns across generations lend support to Bowen theory concepts of level of differentiation of self, psychological oneness, and the multigenerational transmission process. The role of perception and anxiety level highlight the nexus of social genomics and Bowen theory.
BOOK REVIEWS
Fathers and Sons in the Arab Middle East
Book by: Dalya Cohen-Mor
Reviewed by: C. Margaret Hall, PhD

The Origins of Family Psychotherapy: The NIMH Family Study Project
Book by: Murray Bowen, MD, John F. Butler, PhD, editor
Reviewed by: Patricia A. Comella, JD


Code Name Image Price Availability  
DJ 11.1 (1) Volume 11.1   $25.00  
DJ 11.1(2) From the Editor   $7.50  
DJ 11.1(3) Tribalism: Biological Roots and Emotional Process   $9.50  
DJ 11.1(4) Perspectives on Grief: Psychoanalytic, Evolutionary, and Family Systems   $9.50  
DJ 11.1(5) From the Archives: A Letter from Murray Bowen   $9.50  
DJ 11.1(6) Faculty Case Conference   $9.50  
DJ 11.1(7) Brief Report   $7.50  
DJ 11.1(8) Book Review: Fathers and Sons in the Arab Middle East   $7.50  
DJ 11.1(9) Book Review: The Origins of Family Psychotherapy: The NIMH Family Study Project   $7.50  

For more information, please contact The Bowen Center at 202-965-4400 or info@thebowencenter.org